Achromatic
Black, white and greys. Artwork that is executed without color.

Acrylic
Thicker and stronger than tempera or watercolor paint, Acrylic is a water-based "plastic" paint.

Batik
Parrafin or beeswax is used to resist paint or dye on fabric or paper. Designs and patterns are produced on the unwaxed areas.

Ceramics
Used to describe the shaping, finishing and firing of clay.

Encaustic
This ancient art uses colored wax for painting. This technique involves painting images onto walls with pigments that are blended with wax. When used with heat, such as an iron, the permanent color is burned into the wall, for good.

Giclee
Giclee is the process of making fine art prints from a digital source using ink-jet printing. Giclee, pronounced (zhee-klay), is a French term meaning to spray or squirt. The type of high quality ink jet printer used is not the same as a standard desktop inkjet printer and is much larger. Images are generated from high resolution digital scans and printed with archival quality inks onto various surfaces including canvas and fine art watercolor paper. The giclee printing process provides better color accuracy than other means of reproduction and retain all the tonalities and hues of the original painting.

Mitige
The term “Mitige”, pronouced (mee-tee-zhay), is a loose translation from French for "blending". In the process, an original photograph is altered in a series of digital manipulations that deconstruct the image into its outlines and color elements. The image is printed on Cold Press Watercolor stock using special inks. Layers of watercolor, acrylic paint and ink are then meticulously brushed to alter the image in a traditional, painterly manner resulting in a truly original work.

Netsuke
Netsuke (pronounced “net-ski” or “net-skeh”) are tiny sculptures that originated in Japan as an accessory to traditional Japanese clothing. They have since evolved over a time period of three hundred years into works of art that are both collected and revered by art aficionados across the globe.
Originally, Netsuke served both functional and aesthetic purposes. The Japanese kimono did not have pockets, so women would hold small objects in their sleeves, and men would wear a silk cord on their obi, or sash. From the cord, they would hang items such as tobacco pouches and coin purses. These items were known as sagemono. To stop the silk cord from slipping under the weight of their sagemono, they would attach a small toggle to the cord. These toggles were known as netsuke, which literally means, “root for fastening”.

Porcelain
Porcelain is a combination of kaolin, silica and feldspar. You can work with porcelain as you would clay, but when you fire it correctly, the result will be similar to that of glass.

Primary colors
Red, yellow, blue.

Raku
This method of firing pottery results in irregular surfaces and colors. The pottery is removed when it is red hot. It is then placed in a bed of combustible materials and covered.

Reduction
Firing clay with an inadequate amount of oxygen, resulting in glaze changes.

Underpainting
Preliminary painting used as a base for textures or for subsequent painting or glazing.

Value
Shadows, darkness, contrasts and light are all values in artwork.

Wash
A highly fluid application of color.

Watercolor
A translucent, water-based paint that comes in cake or tube form.

Copyright 2014 Santa Barbara Arts
Glossary of Art Terms